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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 88-93

Effectiveness of early intervention on awareness and communication behaviors of mothers of toddlers with repaired cleft lip and palate

Department of Speech-Language Pathology, All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
M Pushpavathi
Department of Speech-Language Pathology, All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Manasagangothri, Mysuru - 570 006, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jclpca.jclpca_68_17

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Objective: The present study is aimed to provide an insight on the causative factors on expressive language delay in toddlers with repaired cleft lip and palate (RCLP). Participants: The present study considered mothers of ten toddlers with RCLP with a mean age of 2.8 years who underwent surgery within 1.5 years. Method / Interventions: The mother-child dyads were enrolled for Early Language Intervention Program (ELIP). The mothers were assessed for the awareness about CLP through a questionnaire and home training was assessed through Mohite's Inventory. Speech and non-speech behaviors of the mothers were assessed using a check list based on an interactional video. These three measures were done before initiating speech and language therapy. Post-therapy measurement was done after 20 sessions. Main Outcome Measures - Pretest post-test design was used to compare the differences in measures for the pre-therapy and post-therapy conditions. Results: Mothers showed greater awareness regarding causes, assessment, treatment, associated problems and issues related to speech therapy in CLP post-orientation (p≤ 0.05). Results also indicated improved home-training abilities of parents on parameters such as language stimulation, physical environment, variety of stimulation and maternal attitude (p≤ 0.05). A statistically significant difference was also noted for speech and non-speech behaviors of the mother (p≤ 0.05). Conclusions: Extensive counseling and orientation helped mothers to gain effective knowledge about cleft lip and palate and focused stimulation approach enabled them to deliver the intervention reliably.

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