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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 73-77

Implant rehabilitation in cleft patients: A retrospective study in our center

Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital A Coruña, La Coruña, Spain

Correspondence Address:
José-Luis López-Cedrún Cembranos
Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital A Coruña, La Coruña, Calle Las Jubias S/N. 15006 La Coruña
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jclpca.jclpca_74_17

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Introduction: One of the objectives of alveoloplasty and alveolar bone grafting is to create a stable and continuous maxillary arch that allows teeth eruption through the bone graft. The dental rehabilitation by means of implants is a good technique for prosthodontic rehabilitation of edentulous space in cleft patients. The aim of this study is to review our series of patients with clefts rehabilitated with dental implants. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of 25 patients treated by means a dental rehabilitation based in implants has been realized. We have evaluated the type of alveoloplasty, the age of the patient at the time of implant insertion, the success of the procedure and the need of additional techniques before or at the time of the procedure. Results: Before the insertion of implants, 11 patients had received a secondary alveoloplasty, 10 patients a late alveoloplasty, and four patients did not received an alveoloplasty procedure. A total of 47 implants have been inserted. The mean follow-up ranged between 6 and 153 months. No implants were lost in this period. The mean age of insertion of implants varies regarding the type of alveoloplasty. Four patients needed a bone block graft before the implant insertion, one was treated with a sinus lift, and nine patients received a supplement of bone at the time of insertion of the implant. Conclusions: Dental rehabilitation with implants is a safe procedure to close the edentulous gap in cleft patients.

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