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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 89-98

Cephalometric evaluation of skeletal base relationship in patients with cleft lip and palate in a tertiary hospital in South India


1 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Amrita School of Dentistry, Kochi, Kerala, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Amrita School of Dentistry, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Meguja K Johnson
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Amrita School of Dentistry, Kochi - 682 041, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jclpca.jclpca_2_20

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Objective: The study is aimed at assessing the cephalometric characteristics and distribution of skeletal base patterns in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) in a cohort of patients reporting to a tertiary hospital in South India. Materials and Methods: A retrospective observational study was carried out on 44 consecutive patients with CLP and 43 age- and sex-matched control orthodontic patients. Linear and angular measurements were obtained from the digitally traced lateral cephalograms using Dolphin software, and the data were analyzed. Results: Patients with CLP exhibit reduction in maxillary as well as mandibular length. Maxilla and mandible are both retropositioned and retrognathic. However, the maxillomandibular relationship shows the prevalence of Class I skeletal pattern (47.73%). Conclusion: Patients with CLP demonstrated smaller, retrognathic and retropositioned jaws, however with Class I skeletal relationship. The present data would be beneficial in determining the orthodontic requirements of patients with cleft in South India.


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