|Year : 2018 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 11-12
Evaluation and comparison between effects of early and late palatoplasty on the mandibular morphology and spatial position with respect to the cranial base and maxilla: A two-dimensional retrospective study
Department of Orthodontics, Dental OPD, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal Univesity, Manipal, Karnataka, India
|Date of Web Publication||8-Feb-2018|
Dr. N Madhumitha
Department of Orthodontics, Dental OPD, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University, Room 7, Second Floor, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Madhumitha N. Evaluation and comparison between effects of early and late palatoplasty on the mandibular morphology and spatial position with respect to the cranial base and maxilla: A two-dimensional retrospective study. J Cleft Lip Palate Craniofac Anomal 2018;5:11-2
|How to cite this URL:|
Madhumitha N. Evaluation and comparison between effects of early and late palatoplasty on the mandibular morphology and spatial position with respect to the cranial base and maxilla: A two-dimensional retrospective study. J Cleft Lip Palate Craniofac Anomal [serial online] 2018 [cited 2018 Apr 24];5:11-2. Available from: http://www.jclpca.org/text.asp?2018/5/1/11/224909
The authors have included most patients with one-stage palate closure when research has proven that primary cleft palate repair produced growth inhibition. The authors have not explained the nature of unilateral cleft (whether complete or incomplete). This is important as early soft palate closure reduces the width of the cleft and performing two-stage palate repair (soft palate repair and delaying hard palate closure) achieved good facial growth ,, and had a smaller effect on the maxillary growth compared to one-stage palate repair.,,
The sample group of cleft palate chosen had a wide mean age (10–18 years irrespective of gender), especially when unilateral (complete) cleft lip and palate repair using von Langenbeck technique at 4–12 years produced better head-face morphology.
The addition of objective to compare (early vs. late palatoplasty) effect on mandible morphology and spatial position was novel effort by authors. However, the cephalometric parameters chosen by authors were mandibular body length, ramal length, and gonial angle when earlier research had proven a shorter ramus and body length, with a backward mandibular rotation and an obtuse gonial angle.
Future research could be focused on the spatial position of the mandible using cone beam computed tomography to assess the glenoid fossa position, ramal inclination, vertical position of the condyle, changes in the inclination of the temporomandibular fossa, and chin position after unilateral cleft repair.
Manipal University, Karnataka, India, for providing library and scientific journals for the preparation of commentary.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Koberg W, Koblin I. Speech development and maxillary growth in relation to technique and timing of palatoplasty. J Maxillofac Surg 1973;1:44-50.
Hotz MM, Gnoinski WM, Nussbaumer H, Kistler E. Early maxillary orthopedics in CLP cases: Guidelines for surgery. Cleft Palate J 1978;15:405-11.
Lilja J, Mars M, Elander A, Enocson L, Hagberg C, Worrell E, et al.
Analysis of dental arch relationships in Swedish unilateral cleft lip and palate subjects: 20-year longitudinal consecutive series treated with delayed hard palate closure. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2006;43:606-11.
Mølsted K, Asher-McDade C, Brattström V, Dahl E, Mars M, McWilliam J, et al.
Asix-center international study of treatment outcome in patients with clefts of the lip and palate: Part 2. Craniofacial form and soft tissue profile. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1992;29:398-404.
Liao YF, Yang IY, Wang R, Yun C, Huang CS. Two-stage palate repair with delayed hard palate closure is related to favorable maxillary growth in unilateral cleft lip and palate. Plast Reconstr Surg 2010;125:1503-10.
Mommaerts MY, Combes FA, Drake D. The furlow Z-plasty in two-staged palatal repair modifications and complications. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2006;44:94-9.
Richard B, Russell J, McMahon S, Pigott R. Results of randomized controlled trial of soft palate first versus hard palate first repair in unilateral complete cleft lip and palate. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2006;43:329-38.
Xu X, Zheng Q, Lu D, Huang N, Li J, Li S, et al.
Timing of palate repair affecting growth in complete unilateral cleft lip and palate. J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2012;40:e358-62.